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Author Topic: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE  (Read 965737 times)

Offline bajac

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The attached document explains how Mr. Figuera's "infinite energy machine" works.
It is amazing how we keep recycling old concepts over and over again. And then, we even claim that we are the inventors.

Bajac


I NOTICED THAT FIGURE 21 IS IN ERROR. PLEASE, REPLACE PAGE 15 WITH THE ATTACHED ONE!
« Last Edit: October 08, 2012, 06:56:23 AM by bajac »

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy


Offline bajac

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FINAL VERSION!


Offline bajac

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #2 on: November 02, 2012, 05:07:20 PM »
 
[size=0pt]  [/size]
[size=0pt]MR. FIGUERA'S INVENTION MADE OBSOLETE ALL MOTIONLESS ELECTRIC GENERATORS (MEG) BASED ON PEMANENT MAGNETS!
 
 ISN'T IT AMAZING???
 
 PATRICK KELLY PUBLISHED THE PAPER ON MR. FIGUERA. HE DID A NICE JOB ON THE SKETCHES. I REALLY LIKED THE 3D VIEW OF MR. FIGUERA'S DEVICE ON PAGE 19.
 
 STAY TUNED! PATRICK'S WEBSITE CAN BE FOUND HERE:[/size]
[size=0pt] [/size]
[size=0pt]http://www.free-energy-info.co.uk/Chapter3.pdf[/size]
[size=0pt] [/size]
 

Offline bajac

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #3 on: November 04, 2012, 06:21:21 PM »
 The commutation using transistors can be done by using a micro-controller such as Arduino. The Arduino controller can be bought from ebay by about 20 dollars.
 
I am attaching the program code that can be used to drive 8 transistors. You can copy and paste it into the Arduino’s application software. The program has been documented to be self explanatory. Each transistor is on for 2ms and 0.5ms before is turned off, the next transistor is turned on to produce a make-before-break transistor switching. Note that 8 transistor will be switched on-off at 2ms time interval for a period of 16ms to generate a frequency of 62.5Hz. The period for 60Hz voltage is 16.67ms.
 
I am also attaching a photo of the setup used to test the software. I tested the functionality of the software with a lower frequency and it seems to be working fine. The frequency can be changed by changing the values of “x” and “y.”
 
Here is the source code:
 
/*
  Written by WONJU-BAJAC
  Source code for Clemente Figuera's Generator
  Generates the driving signals for 8 switching transistors
  where 2 transistors turn on before one turns off
  (Make-Before-Break swtiching.)
 
  This example code is in the public domain.
  As per 2012-11-03 Rev2
 */
 
// Pin 13 has an LED connected on most Arduino boards.
// give it a name:
int led1 = 3;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 3
int led2 = 4;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 4
int led3 = 5;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 5
int led4 = 6;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 6
int led5 = 7;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 7
int led6 = 8;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 8
int led7 = 9;  // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 9
int led8 = 10; // LED 1 is connected to controller's output 10
 
// Variables Declaration:
float x = 0.5; // half millisecond overlapping time
int y = 1;     // 1 + (2 x 0.5) = 2 milliseconds’ time each transistor is on
// defines a time period of 8 x 2 = 16 ms (62.5 Hz)
 
// the setup routine runs once the program starts:
void setup()
{     
  // initialize the I/O pins 3 through 10  as outputs.
  pinMode(led1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led4, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led5, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led6, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led7, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led8, OUTPUT);   
}
 
// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
 
  // Pre: LED 2 on
  digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);   // turn the LED 1 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds 
 
  // Pre: LEDs 1 & 2 on
  digitalWrite(led2, LOW);    // turn the LED 2 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 1 on
  digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);   // turn the LED 2 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 1 & 2 on
  digitalWrite(led1, LOW);    // turn the LED 1 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 2 on 
  digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);   // turn the LED 3 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 2 & 3 on
  digitalWrite(led2, LOW);    // turn the LED 2 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 3 on
  digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);   // turn the LED 4 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 3 & 4 on
  digitalWrite(led3, LOW);    // turn the LED 3 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 4 on
  digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);   // turn the LED 5 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 4 & 5 on
  digitalWrite(led4, LOW);    // turn the LED 4 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 5 on
  digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);   // turn the LED 6 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 5 & 6 on
  digitalWrite(led5, LOW);    // turn the LED 5 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds             
 
  // Pre: LED 6 on
  digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);   // turn the LED 7 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 6 & 7 on
  digitalWrite(led6, LOW);    // turn the LED 6 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds       
 
  // Pre: LED 7 on   
  digitalWrite(led8, HIGH);   // turn the LED 8 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 7 & 8 on
  digitalWrite(led7, LOW);    // turn the LED 7 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds           
 
  // Pre: LED 8 on
  digitalWrite(led7, HIGH);   // turn the LED 7 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 7 & 8 on   
  digitalWrite(led8, LOW);    // turn the LED 8 off   
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
   // Pre: LED 7 on 
  digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);   // turn the LED 6 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 6 & 7 on
  digitalWrite(led7, LOW);    // turn the LED 7 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds   
 
  // Pre: LED 6 on
  digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);   // turn the LED 5 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 5 & 6 on
  digitalWrite(led6, LOW);    // turn the LED 6 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 5 on
  digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);   // turn the LED 4 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 4 & 5 on
  digitalWrite(led5, LOW);    // turn the LED 5 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 4 on
  digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);   // turn the LED 3 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 3 & 4 on
  digitalWrite(led4, LOW);    // turn the LED 4 off
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
 
  // Pre: LED 3 on
  digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);   // turn the LED 2 on
  delay(x);                   // wait for x seconds
 
  // Pre: LEDs 2 & 3 on
  digitalWrite(led3, LOW);    // turn the LED 3 off 
  delay(y);                   // wait for y seconds
  // Post: LED 2 on
 
}
 
 


Offline bajac

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #4 on: November 06, 2012, 05:54:03 AM »
I did some research on the subject and it looks like the stepper motor drivers are perfect for the application.

I am looking for a dual phase smooth change stepper motor drivers. These drivers can generate two sinusoidal voltages with 90 degrees out of phase. IT IS PERFECT!!!

It would be greatly appreciated if someone can share more information on this subject.

I JUST WANTED TO EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF HAVING A BIPOLAR (DUAL PHASE) STEPPER DRIVER. IF THIS DRIVER CAN BE FOUND, THE FIGUERA'S GENERATOR CAN BE BUILT WITH THIS DRIVER AND THE ELECTROMAGNETS ONLY. AN AMAZING SIMPLE APPARATUS!

Thanks a lot!

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy

Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #4 on: November 06, 2012, 05:54:03 AM »
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Offline tagor

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #5 on: November 06, 2012, 07:28:46 AM »

I am looking for a dual phase smooth change stepper motor drivers. These drivers can generate two sinusoidal voltages with 90 degrees out of phase. IT IS PERFECT!!!

Thanks a lot!

yes i am using afmotor libraries
 
https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-Motor-Shield-library
 
 
and this
 
http://207.58.139.247/products/81


Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy

Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #6 on: November 06, 2012, 09:54:54 AM »
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Offline conradelektro

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #8 on: November 06, 2012, 09:25:46 PM »
I think I found a very good IC for driving two coils with any current trace imaginable: DRV8834 from TI

http://uk.farnell.com/texas-instruments/drv8834pwp/driver-motor-dual-h-bridge-24htssop/dp/2115234?in_merch=New%20Products

One needs a microprocessor with at least two Digital/Analogue converters (Pins) and 6 I/O Pins.

An other drawback is the package (very small, pins close together, a pain to solder by hand)

See page 20 Fig. 12 in the data sheet (High-Resolution Microstepping Using a Microcontroller to Modulate VREF Signals)

The price is very low, less than 5 Euro.

Drive capability: 11.8 Volt, 1.5 Ampere (logic and D/A 3.6 Volt), very good for the TI LaunchPad MSP430

Of course, the program will be a bit evolved (D/A in combination with 6 pins in coordination), nothing for the faint hearted microprocessor programmer.

If some one knows how to solder such a small IC by hand, any suggestions are appreciated.

Greetings, Conrad

Offline rensseak

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #9 on: November 07, 2012, 09:20:53 AM »
I think I found a very good IC for driving two coils with any current trace imaginable: DRV8834 from TI

http://uk.farnell.com/texas-instruments/drv8834pwp/driver-motor-dual-h-bridge-24htssop/dp/2115234?in_merch=New%20Products

One needs a microprocessor with at least two Digital/Analogue converters (Pins) and 6 I/O Pins.

An other drawback is the package (very small, pins close together, a pain to solder by hand)

See page 20 Fig. 12 in the data sheet (High-Resolution Microstepping Using a Microcontroller to Modulate VREF Signals)

The price is very low, less than 5 Euro.

Drive capability: 11.8 Volt, 1.5 Ampere (logic and D/A 3.6 Volt), very good for the TI LaunchPad MSP430

Of course, the program will be a bit evolved (D/A in combination with 6 pins in coordination), nothing for the faint hearted microprocessor programmer.

If some one knows how to solder such a small IC by hand, any suggestions are appreciated.

Greetings, Conrad

Wie wäre es mit Ultraschalllöten? http://www.sonicsolder.com/
Wenn Du das mit der Hand löten willst, viel Spaß dabei. Primär gehts wohl darum, dass der Chip nicht durch Hitzeeinwirkung vom Löten beschädigt wird.
Ansonsten würde ich erstmal alle Füßchen von unten mit einer möglichst dünnen Schicht Lötzinn versehen. Anschließend auf die Platine legen ausrichten fixieren und nur noch mal von oben ohne Lötzinn festlöten. Bei allen Lötprozessen für ausreichend Kühlung des Chips sorgen. Hope you are german.

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy

Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #9 on: November 07, 2012, 09:20:53 AM »
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Offline Lakes

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Offline conradelektro

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #11 on: November 07, 2012, 02:24:48 PM »
SMD Soldering tutorial.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9FC9fAlfQE

Thank you Lakes, you made my day, very good tutorial!

I looked a bit deeper into the stepper motor drivers:

In order to drive the two primary coils of the Fiquera Transformer one needs a very flexible stepper motor driver because the phases have to be driven differently to a stepper motor.

See the attached drawing which explains the difference between driving a Fiquera Transformer and a stepper motor.

What it comes down to: one has to be able to drive the two Phases at 180° (stepper motor needs 90°).

So far the only one which seems to be suitable is the DRV8834.

DRV8834PWP - DRIVER, MOTOR, DUAL H BRIDGE, 24HTSSOP
DRV8834PWP - TEXAS INSTRUMENTS - DRIVER, MOTOR, DUAL H BRIDGE, | Farnell United Kingdom

ADAPTOR, SMD, SSOP-24, 0.65MM
RE931-04 - ROTH ELEKTRONIK - ADAPTOR, SMD, SSOP-24, 0.65MM | Farnell United Kingdom

There might be many more stepper motor drivers which can be used, but look carefully. The two phases have to be driven at 180° for the Fiquera Transformer (and at 90° for a stepper motor). Many stepper motor drivers are fixedly set to a phase difference of 90°.

Driving capability of the DRV 8834: from  +10.8 Volt  to  -10.8 Volt , at 1.5 Ampere. This may be not high enough.

But one could use several pairs of primary coils and for each pair a DRV 8834 (all DRV 8834 ICs driven in parallel with the same pins of the microprocessor).

It may be, that I misunderstand the phase difference (in the two primary coils) necessary for the Fiquera Transformer. Whatever it is, 90° or 180°, one will want to try both (and therefore needs a driver that can do both).

Greetings, Conrad


Offline conradelektro

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #12 on: November 07, 2012, 04:52:00 PM »
Wie wäre es mit Ultraschalllöten? http://www.sonicsolder.com/
Wenn Du das mit der Hand löten willst, viel Spaß dabei. Primär gehts wohl darum, dass der Chip nicht durch Hitzeeinwirkung vom Löten beschädigt wird.
Ansonsten würde ich erstmal alle Füßchen von unten mit einer möglichst dünnen Schicht Lötzinn versehen. Anschließend auf die Platine legen ausrichten fixieren und nur noch mal von oben ohne Lötzinn festlöten. Bei allen Lötprozessen für ausreichend Kühlung des Chips sorgen. Hope you are german.

Danke für die Hinweise. Das Wchtigste ist wohl der SMD SSOP24 Adapter.
 http://at.farnell.com/roth-elektronik/re931-04/adapter-smd-ssop-24-0-65mm/dp/1426165

Conrad

Offline kEhYo77

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #13 on: November 07, 2012, 07:52:50 PM »
I have found this dual H-Bridge driver:

L298N
- OPERATING SUPPLY VOLTAGE UP TO 46 V
- TOTAL DC CURRENT UP TO 4 A (2A per channel but you can parallel them for higher current output)
- LOWSATURATION VOLTAGE
- OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION
- LOGICAL ”0” INPUT VOLTAGE UP TO 1.5 V (HIGHNOISE IMMUNITY)

It will be easy to interface it with Arduino using a protoboard. There are Arduino shields available based in that IC as well, just Google it.

90 degrees phase (or any other angle) can be realized via software, just look for DSS (digital signal synthesis) Arduino code examples.
When I get mine working I will publish the code so stay tuned ;)

BTW. The core I'm using can be found in some PC power supply.


Offline conradelektro

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Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #14 on: November 07, 2012, 09:49:54 PM »
I have found this dual H-Bridge driver:

L298N

It will be easy to interface it with Arduino using a protoboard. There are Arduino shields available based in that IC as well, just Google it.

90 degrees phase (or any other angle) can be realized via software, just look for DSS (digital signal synthesis) Arduino code examples.
When I get mine working I will publish the code so stay tuned


I hate to play the clever one. But I have to tell you, that the L298N is not useful. You can only supply one voltage to the coils (full step). It may be possible to implement a different phase shift than 90° (but I doubt even that).

The point is, that one can deliver at least 4 (better 8 or 16 or 32) different current strengths (voltage levels) to the two primary coils (that is the reason for the seven resistors when using a commutator). And in addition one wants to be able to vary the phase shift.

It is not so easy to do nicely what the commutator and the resistor bank is doing crudely in the original design. I spent many hours to look for the DRV8834. There are no easy short cuts if one wants to beat "commutator with resistor bank". With the L298N you will do much worse than with the commutator. You can only switch the coil on and of f. But you have to vary the current going through the coil from 0 to maximum current in several steps. I think that 4 current levels are the minimum. I would not do no less than 8 different current levels (to be better off than with the "commutator with resistor bank").

Greetings, Conrad

P.S.: I do like your three part transformer. I wonder if one could just take a Ferrite rod (or even a mild steel bolt) and wind the three coils next to each other? One will use low frequency (e.g. 50 Hz to 100 Hz) any way, so no fancy material for the core is needed.

Free Energy | searching for free energy and discussing free energy

Re: Re-Inventing The Wheel-Part1-Clemente_Figuera-THE INFINITE ENERGY MACHINE
« Reply #14 on: November 07, 2012, 09:49:54 PM »

 

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